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Exhibit Catalog to the Morris County Historical Society's "Out of the Closet" Exhibition

Mrs. Stephen Whitney

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Click picture to enlarge

Charles Francois Daubigney (miniature artist)
Photographer unknown
Portrait of Mrs. Stephen Whitney (nee' Harriette Suydam)
Circa 1837
Paris, France
Photograph of a miniature
4 x 4 3/4 in.
 
Gift of the Estate of Mary Baird Stevens.
 
 
 
The Subject: Harriette Suydam Whitney
 
This is a photograph of Harriette Suydam Whitney from a miniature painting by renowned artist Charles Francois Daubigney. Hariette Suydam Whitney was married to Stephen Whitney, one of the leading merchants of New York City in the 19th century. Her portrait being rendered by a celebrated artist like Daubigney attests to the prominence of the Whitney family.
 
 
 
The Artist: Charles Francois Daubigney
 
Charles Francois Daubigney (1817 - 1876), a painter of the Barbizon School, was born into a family of painters, including his uncle and father. He is considered to be an important precursor to Impressionism.
 
Initially Daubigny painted in a traditional style, but this changed after 1843 when he settled in Barbizon to work outside in nature. From 1852 onward he came under the influence of Gustave Courbet.

In 1866 Daubigny visited England, eventually returning because of the Franco-Prussian War in 1870. In London he met Claude Monet, and together they left for the Netherlands. Back in Auvers, he met Paul Cezanne, another important impressionist. It is assumed that these younger painters were influenced by Daubigny.